Unlike other types of alcohol, doesn't always come with a twist-off bottle cap or a pull tab that allows for easy access. Instead, wine usually must be opened in other ways. While some people may get creative - using their teeth or trying to draw the cork out of the bottle with a flute and a snake charmer's attitude - most people simply invest in some sort of wine opener.
Cut around the capsule at the top of the bottle to remove enough that there will be no metal touching the wine when it is poured (generally below the crown at the top). If your wine comes in contact with the metal, the wine can oxidize.
Hold your wine opener straight and twist the corkscrew through the cork (just off center), clockwise, taking care not to go all the way through the cork or about 7-8 turns.
Pull the cork straight up gently, attaching the bottle opener lever to the edge of the bottle to help in the process. The best gadget you can use is the so-called "waiter's pull." This is the handy little thing that looks similar to a Swiss-army knife when the tools are stored. On one end you have the corkscrew, on the other a curved knife. The metal lever is what enables you to smoothly pull the cork out of the mouth of the bottle with panache. (Winglever corkscrews are used by most ladies but almost any cork remover will work.
Later, if you want to re-cork the bottle, use the opposite end of the cork that was closest to the wine. Because the spongy nature, the cork has absorbed some liquid, and thus the dry end of the cork will fit more easily into the mouth of the bottle.
Types of openers or corkscrews:
Corkscrew – The ‘waiters’ pull corkscrew is the most commonly used corkscrew in restaurants. A good one will have a blade for cutting the foil and a lever for easier opening. To use this corkscrew simply cut the foil with the blade under the second lip of the bottle. Next, center the point of the corkscrew in the middle of the cork and give it a firm turn to anchor the worm. Turn the corkscrew gently and firmly without pressing down, until the worm has been inserted entirely (depending on cork length, this will vary). Place the lever on the lip of the bottle and pull up slowly and firmly.
The Screwpull Corkscrew - The screwpull corkscrew also involves a Helix screw. For the Screwpull, a simple device that looks like a clothespin is coupled with clockwise twisting. The clockwise twisting digs the corkscrew into the cork, allowing it to be pulled out with relative ease.
Ahso – Insert the longer prong of the ahso between the cork and the bottle and, while applying slight downward pressure, rock the prong back and forth until the shorter prong can also be inserted between the cork and the bottle. Once both prongs are inserted, rock the handle from prong to prong, applying downward pressure. When the ah-so is fully inserted, simultaneously pull the handle upward and twist it to release the cork.
Pump wine openers aren't favored - There are many different types of corkscrews on the market, but we found few reviewers that enthusiastically recommend air-pump cork extractors. This type of pump wine opener uses a propellant to blast gas through the cork and into the bottle. The increased pressure forces the cork out. While some reviewers like the novelty of pump wine openers, others point out that they aren't that efficient.
Table Top Wine Opener - The table top wine opener is a heavy duty wine opener, like a wine opener used to uncork industrial sized wine. This kind of wine opener involves using the table as a base, allowing the wine opener to rest on the flat surface. The table top wine opener can be more expensive than others, with some people looking at the price and assuming a table is included, but they often open wine at an expedited rate.
The Rabbit Corkscrew - Some people may assume that the quick speed of the rabbit corkscrew (opening wine bottles in under three seconds) explains the reproductive habits of bunnies as they, inebriated by large amounts of wine, make rash decisions and use poor judgment. But, the rabbit corkscrew is called so not because of its effect on bunny breeding, but because of the semblance it has to rabbit ears.
There are certainly more styles and types of openers around but these are most accepted and most used.
Decanter – There are two main reasons to decant a wine: to remove the sediment from an older bottle of red wine and to aerate a young bottle of red wine. To decant a wine off its sediment, it can be helpful to hold a flashlight or candle under the neck of the bottle while pouring the wine into the decanter. This makes it possible to see the sediment as you are pouring and stop accordingly.